The Advantage Of Leather Messenger Bags

Leather Messenger Bags

Leather messenger bags are some of the best bags that you can buy, since they serve so many different purposes. These bags are made of leather, so they are tough and durable, and they will last for a long time. They also look very nice, so you can be sure that they will positively accent any outfit that you are wearing. They generally have one wide strap that goes over your shoulder, offering you many different ways to wear the bag, depending on what feels the most natural and comfortable to you. A leather messenger bag can be worn over one shoulder, so that it hangs straight down, the way a purse is often worn. It can also be worn with the strap across to the opposite shoulder, so that the weight of the bag is distributed across both shoulders and the chest. The bag then hangs down near the hip, where it is much more easily accessible than a backpack, and it is out of the way if you are sitting on a bus, riding a bike, or just walking across town.

A messenger bag can be used to carry many different things; one of the most common uses of a messenger bag is to carry a laptop computer. Students and business professionals favor messenger bags because they are soft and offer protection to the computer; they also ensure that the computer is in a place where it will not be stolen, since you can have your hand on top of it. These bags are a good alternative to purchasing a separate carrying case for a laptop, which can often be expensive and will add another bag to the load you have to carry, since it can only accommodate the computer. A black leather messenger bag can accommodate the computer along with everything else that you need to carry, so you will have only one bag to worry about.

Men’s Messenger bags are also used by students to carry their books on campus as they walk from class to class. These books can often be very heavy, which can lead to strain and actually injury if a student uses a backpack; the human spine is not cut out to carry so much weight all of the time. Since a messenger bag does a better job of distributing the weight, using the body frame and the muscles of the chest and shoulders, this can be a relief to a student with many books. They will not risk permanent health complications, and will be able to carry all of their books. As noted above, these bags can be used for books and a laptop computer, which makes them ideal for students.

Leather messenger bags are also a good option because they are becoming more fashionable than backpacks. They are made of leather and so they are seen as fashion accessories as well as functional bags. They can add to the look of the outfit that you are wearing or give a certain look to your overall attire. They are clean and professional, so men and women in the business world can use them as well; carrying a backpack to the office would not make you look professional, and taking one to a job interview would not help your cause any as far as getting hired is concerned. Best Messenger bags for Men are seen as being more respectable, which is very nice since they are also more functional and convenient. You can fit more into them than you can in a backpack, and they are much easier to look through when you need to locate the items that you are carrying.

Female Hair Loss – How is it Different from Male Hair Loss

Female Hair Loss

It is obvious that female hair loss is different from hair loss in men – for one we don’t see too many women walking around with bald pates while we see very significant proportions of men, particularly middle aged or older men seem to have a follicular challenged (hairless) head.

So how is female hair loss different from that of men and are there similarities as well?

• Hair loss is considered to be a part of the aging process and both men and women experience it; though in different ways and it is seen that some animals also experience similar hair loss with age.
• Hair loss in women is not as easily identifiable or visible as in the case of men and the loss may not be evident until it is quite advanced and a significant amount of hair is already lost.
• Women tend to lose hair equally all over their scalp where as men generally lose hair in a pattern with a receding hair line. Typically the top of the head loses more hair than the sides among men.
• Causes for hair loss among women could be temporary, such as pregnancy and childbirth. Women may also experience hair loss due to stress, or bereavement. Health conditions such as anemia could also be responsible for hair loss. Hormonal imbalances such as thyroid problems or the kind of hormonal changes that come with age such as menopause are common hair loss causes among women.
• Women are also more likely to have disorders such s trichotillomania (compulsive hair pulling) that result in hair loss.
• However both men and women are likely to suffer hair loss as a result of cancer therapies such as chemo, radiation and so on.
• Another significant way in which hair loss among women is different than men, is the fact that it may be more traumatic for women to lose hair than men – issues of body image, self esteem and confidence may arise from female hair loss more than male hair loss. Hair loss among women is more likely to cause negative impact on quality of life than in the case of male hair loss.
• Since the type of hair loss and the reasons for the hair loss treatments may also differ. Many times women’s hair loss is temporary and may resolve itself if the underlying cause is resolved. The chief antidote to hair loss for women is Minoxidil; in fact this is the only approved hair loss solution for women.

The Right Reasons to Choose Biotin for Hair Growth

Biotin for Hair Growth

Hair loss is one of the major problems of a large number of people, but there are numerous solutions for it, such as biotin for hair growth. There are a lot of people who tried this method, with various results, but their majority says that the product truly helped them to have thick and healthy hair.

Nonetheless it is important for people to know the truth about hair growth with biotin before they actually start using it.

How biotin works

The main ingredients of it are yeast and bacteria. The interesting thing is that people produce biotin in their own body, which is then used for a number of purposes, like bones, muscles and tissues.

Hair growth with biotin is also possible and new skin cells also benefit from it. This way they will become more abundant and healthier.

Those people who have to face hair loss, the extra biotin for hair growth will help them grow longer, thicker and healthier hair. This is why people should buy biotin.

Topically or orally?

There is a lot of information available regarding whether biotin should be taken topically or orally, and all this information seems to be contradictory. According to professionals, biotin cannot be absorbed through the skin. It is somewhat like collagen that is available in a number of topical creams, it is normally thick and even though it is absorbed by the skin, it is not easy.

On the other hand, in case biotin helping hair growth is taken orally, it gets right into the bloodstream, and so the chances for it to work are higher. This way it will be possible for the body to use the extra biotin and prevent the hair loss.

Biotin Deficiency

Those people for whom biotin helps for hair growth may have a biotin deficiency, and in their case the hair loss could be a symptom. If the body receives the biotin that it needs, it will be able to function normally again. There are some other signs of biotin deficiency as well, such as brittle fingernails, chronic fatigue, depression and others. In this case the hair growth with biotin is more than sure to work.

Tips to know about

Before starting to take biotin for hair growth you should talk to your doctor to make sure that you aren’t allergic and in case you are taking medication, you have to make sure that biotin doesn’t interact with it.

Also it might be useful to read some reviews regarding biotin helping hair growth to see how it helped people and see whether it really worked. Don’t forget to read about side effects either to know what to expect in the moment when you start taking biotin, if you decide to take it.

Biotin for hair growth seems to be working like magic in case of some people, but it is possible that for others it won’t do a thing. You have to try it in order to know for sure.

Alopecia Areata Causes and Information

Alopecia Areata Causes

Many people have not heard of Alopecia Areata causes, but this is actually one of the worst problems you can have in the world when it comes to hair loss illnesses. The reason that many people have not heard of this illness probably has something to do with the fact that only about 2% of the world’s population eventually gets this condition at some point in their lives.

There has been a lot of work done in the field of Alopecia Areata over the last decade, and a lot of progress has been made during this time that can be very helpful to those who suffer from this unfortunate condition.

The area of the body that is usually most affected by Alopecia Areata is the scalp, but other areas of the body may also lose their hair in later stages of the illness.

Although much research has been done on the possible Alopecia Areata causes that exist in the world today, there is actually little definitive evidence of what causes most cases of this hair loss disease.

In the early stages of this illness, you can expect parts of the scalp to lose hair and eventually see a case of “spot baldness” begin to appear.

The strange thing about Alopecia Areata is that it only affects the hairs on your head that are currently in the development stage. In other words, if your hair is not growing then it is not going to be affected by this hair loss condition. The main objective of any treatment of this condition is to try and make sure you lose the least amount of hair as possible on the top of your head.

Types of Alopecia Areata causes to look for

There are many different versions of this illness and each type of this hair problem has their own Alopecia Areata causes. One version of this illness is known as alopecia areata monolocularis, and the good thing about this variation is that it only causes baldness in one spot on your head. Since it only causes baldness in one small area, you can actually wear hats to cover up the spot without having to shave your entire head.

The main problem with this type of hair loss is that the body basically starts treating one’s hair as if it were some foreign object. The body will then begin to remove as many of these foreign hairs as possible because it will feel like these hairs should not be on your head. With Alopecia Areata, the body basically starts destroying its own hair because it thinks it does not belong.

More details regarding Alopecia Areata

The good thing about the main Alopecia Areata causes is that they are definitely not contagious. While you don’t have to worry about catching this condition from someone else, new mothers around the world should worry about passing this problem down to their child because there is some evidence that it could be hereditary.

News About Hair that is Making ‘Head’ Lines

News About Hair

Women of African descent are championing a return to natural hair; the sort that nature blessed them with, and men are now hoping to be able to make good use of their leg hair: to get regenerate head hair and combat baldness! We look at these interesting hair stories that have been making headlines.

Leg hair could be used for transplants on the head

Men who find that inexorable receding of the hairline could now have help not from the back of the head, which is what most hair transplants use, but from a rather novel location; the legs! In a report published in the Archives of Dermatology, hair was taken from the legs of men and the follicles were then transplanted onto the head to ‘re-grow’ the hair lost from there.

This is the first time that hair transplants used leg hair successfully and could offer hope to millions of men worldwide who face the issue of a balding pate.

The report also said that since leg hair is typically softer and less coarse, it can offer an aesthetically more pleasing appearance.

This new technique is now able to offer men additional options when combating with hair loss.

A back to nature movement for African hair

African-American women have always been at pains to straighten their hair, to remove the frizz from it, color it and generally make it into something that nature never intended. Emon Fowler and her Harriet Experiment is a call to women of African descent to embrace their own natural hair.

She calls for the rather extreme measure of cutting off all the hair in what she calls the ‘Big Chop’ so that all of the old processed hair is gone and women can start with a fresh slate so to speak, giving up on chemical relaxers, wigs and weaves. This is to reject the obsession that so many African American women have with straight hair to abandon their daily hair rituals and to embrace their own natural hair.

Even celebrities such as British actor Thandie Newton wants to let her naturally curly hair free reign, because she wants to set a good example for her own daughters. She is going to give chemical relaxers the go by, so that her daughters will also learn to appreciate their own natural beauty and ancestry. She also appreciates that the amount of lye women use in their hair to relax the curl, could dissolve a coke can!

IPL for Hair Removal

laser hair removal

What is IPL? IPL is an acronym for Intense Pulsed Light, and it is a newly available treatment for hair removal.

For hair removal, the client gets into a comfortable position on the treatment table, and a skin care technician moves a hand piece that sends intense pulses of light into the hair shafts within the skin. The dose of light is very controlled, with specific wavelengths of light used for the individual client’s own skin and hair color.

​After administering the pulse of light, the hand piece is moved along the skin to the next area to be treated. The light emitted from the device travels through the skin tissue, where it is absorbed by melanin, which is the pigment which gives hair its color, and lies within the hair root. As the light is absorbed by the melanin, heat is produced which destroys the hair cells within the hair follicle wall.

​IPL is safely used by individuals of all skin tones, and does not affect the pigment of the skin at all. It works on all hair colors, except for grey hair, which has lost all pigment. While IPL does not permanently eliminate hair, it greatly reduces its growth and coarseness. Typically, depending on the area being treated, the client will need IPL treatments for hair removal about one per month for the first three months, then less frequently afterward. With consistent treatments, after a year’s time, IPL may only be needed once or twice yearly to maintain results.

​Side effects from IPL treatments for hair removal are generally very minimal. In nearly every instance, clients opting for IPL hair removal have no downtime from work. Serious side effects from IPL are rare, affecting less than 1% of individuals opting for the treatment. Redness around the treatment site is typical, but generally only lasts for an hour or two at most. The treatment is generally painless, in fact, much less so than electrolysis or laser treatments are. No topical anesthetics are required beforehand.

​The number of total IPL treatments depends on several factors, including the density of the hair and the contrast in color between the skin and the hair to be removed. As well, there are other factors that influence hair growth such as age, genetics and hormones which may make more or fewer IPL treatments for hair removal necessary.

​Typically, six-to-eight IPL treatments achieve the most optimal results, with a 50% reduction in the amount of hair occurring after two or three treatments. Prices start at $40 per treatment of a small area, going all the way up to $400 per treatment for large areas.

Atopic Dermatitis: Eczema in Children

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis(eczema) is a chronic and very common skin condition, that is thought to be a type of skin allergy or severe sensitivity. Other chronic diseases that may be present in sufferers of atopic dermatitis are asthma and hay fever. There are known to be genetic factors at play in atopic dermatitis, as the disease has a hereditary component, and certain families have higher incidence of this skin disease than others do.

Atopic dermatitis is characterized by dry, itchy skin with inflamed red rash. In fact, the very meaning of the word “dermatitis” refers to inflammation of the skin. “Atopic” refers to the hereditary component of the disease, and to the fact that the disease is often present in conjunction with others, such as the asthma and hay fever mentioned earlier.

​In atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema, the skin is extremely inflamed, often to the point of cracking and weeping, then forming crusts. Typically, those with eczema has extremely dry skin which contributes to the formation of the itchy and painful rashes.

​Most commonly, atopic dermatitis is present in very young children and infants. Eczema often follows periods of flare-ups and subsequent remission. As they grow up, many children affected by atopic dermatitis enter into complete remission, although the sensitivity and dryness of their skin may persist.

​Triggers for atopic dermatitis may include seasonal allergies due to plant pollens, use of harsh soaps or changing laundry detergents, introduction of new skin care products such as lotions. Cold weather is also known to trigger atopic dermatitis. Food allergies or exposure to animal dander can also trigger flare-ups of the disorder.

​The best strategy to help deal with the effects of atopic dermatitis is a very simple skin care regimen. Once a mild soap (or non-soap cleanser, depending on a physician’s recommendations) and moisturizer are found to be well-tolerated, other products should not be used. Frequently changing soaps and lotions may expose atopic dermatitis sufferers to fragrances and irritating ingredients which can cause itching, weeping and crusting of the skin.

​Long hot baths or showers should be avoided by persons with atopic dermatitis, as they can further dry the skin. One bathing is complete, air-drying the skin, or at the very least, avoidance of briskly toweling off the skin is recommended.

​Applying a recommended moisturizer within a few minutes of the completion of bathing helps to lock moisture into the skin, and prevents further skin dryness, which in turn leads to irritation. Creams are recommended for moisturizers over lotions, as the latter may contain drying or irritating alcohol content.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

​In extreme cases, tar-based preparations are used to heal extremely dry skin. In any case, careful attention should be taken to avoid moisturizers that are fragrance-free to avoid skin irritation.

​Use of antihistamines to alleviate itchiness may be required as well. Keeping the child’s nails very short will lessen the damage caused by constant scratching. This is very important, as constant scratching may lead to skin infections.

​Over-the-counter corticosteroids in cream or ointment form can help with severe itching, but they do come with side effects with constant use such as thinning of the skin, the stunting of growth in young children as well as infections.

​Newer prescription medication for atopic dermatitis in the form of topical creams called Protopic (Tracromlimus) and Elidel (pimecromlimus) is available. These creams can provide significant relief for suffers of atopic dermatitis, but there are concerns surrounding their use, as they are immune modulator drugs, and suppress the immune system. However, they do not cause the severe thinning of the skin as corticosteroids do.

​Other forms of treatment for atopic dermatitis includes light therapy with a machine that emits UV A or B waves, or a combination of both types of UV light. This can be quite effective for treatment of mild to moderate cases of atopic dermatitis. In more advanced cases, the UV light treatment is combined with a drug called psoralen. Physician’s carefully monitor the effects of phototherapy, and seek out the minimum amount of UV exposure that is effective for treatment.

​In extremely severe cases of atopic dermatitis, oral or injected corticosteroids are prescribed. Because of the notable side-effects of this class of drugs, they are only administered for very short periods of time.

​Systemic corticosteroids may cause thinning of bones, long-term skin damage, and even high-blood pressure, so long-term use is not recommended. Patients must be very carefully monitored for side effects, and it is important to follow physician instructions to the letter, and not suddenly discontinue the medication.

What is Acne Rosacea?

Acne Rosacea

Acne rosacea is a common skin condition where an individual displays a constant red flushing on their skin, often accompanied by pimple-like lesions known as papules and pustules. This condition is believed to affect 45 million individuals worldwide.

The majority of individuals who have rosacea are Caucasian, very often of Celtic descent and have very fair skin. The major symptoms of rosacea are as follows: small broken blood vessels known as telangiectasias appear on the surface of the skin, red or pinkish blotches on the skin, especially on nose, chin and forehead, and even eyes that are persistently red.

​Many people who suffer from rosacea are not even aware that their condition is eminently treatable. These individuals may just think that they blush easily, or get flushed often, or are just hyper-sensitive to the sun.

​Although rosacea is a very treatable skin condition, it is considered non-curable, and has periods of flareups and remissions. Unlike the acne present in adolescence, victims of acne rosacea do not outgrow their condition.

​If you have acne rosacea, you are in good company. President Bill Clinton has rosacea, and the famous “whiskey-nose” of actor W.C. Fields was also attributable to rosacea.

Solution to Acne Rosacea

​Not Contagious

Rosacea is not spread from person-to-person. Touching or kissing a person with rosacea will not spread rosacea by contact. It may be due to a genetically-triggered auto-immune response that is not well-understood.

Acne rosacea, despite its name, is not the same condition as regular acne, although the two conditions may co-exist. Acne rosacea is sometimes referred to as “adult acne”.

​Who Gets Acne Rosacea?

Rosacea primarily affects adults from ages 30-50 years of age. Unlike garden variety acne, typical whiteheads and blackheads are not a feature of acne rosacea. Acne rosacea is characterized by small, hard red bumps that cannot be “popped” or squeezed like a regular pimple would be. If you tried to squeeze a rosacea pimple, nothing but a tiny amount of clear fluid would be expelled from the lesion. Even extraction by a professional will make no difference, as it will not clear up acne rosacea.

Typical sufferers of regular acne do not have the persistent rosiness of the skin present in acne rosacea sufferers.

​Acne rosacea can strike both men and women; women are afflicted more frequently, but men are afflicted more severely.

​Children rarely have the condition, nor do darker ethnic skin tones.

What are the Causes of Acne Rosacea?

Acne rosacea appears to be somewhat hereditary in nature, but there are many suspected causes. A few of these suspected causes are: A skin mite that lives in the hair follicles called Demodex folliculorum; the same bacteria that causes stomach ulcers, H. pylori; gastrointestinal issues and medications that cause blood vessels to dilate.

Acne rosacea also has some well-known triggers that cause increased flare-ups. Emotional stresses such as anxiety and embarrassment may trigger the flushing response associated with rosacea.

​Weather can also be a factor, as rosacea prone-skin responds negatively to cold winds, as well as excessive heat and humidity. Excessive sun exposure is also associated with acne rosacea.

​Other documented triggers include alcohol consumption (red wine is particularly bad), spicy foods like chilis, and curries, and even exercise as it dilates the blood vessels.

acne face

How is Acne Rosacea Diagnosed?

Usually, there are no invasive tests needed to diagnose acne rosacea; however, a small skin biopsy is occasionally required. Examination under a Wood’s lamp can rule out skin conditions that appear similar on the surface, such as dermatitis. A scraping and culture of the affected individual’s skin cells can reveal other causes of the patient’s skin redness, such as staff infections.

Many times, an experienced dermatologist can diagnose rosacea by examination alone.

Acne Rosacea Treatments

The type of treatment chosen by a physician depends on the severity of the case of acne rosacea. There are a number of physician-prescribed treatments available, including antibiotics, topical creams and gels, laser treatments, and IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) treatments. The condition generally does not improve on its own.

Severe cases may require a multi-pronged approach to bring it under control. For example, a patient with severe acne rosacea may take oral antibiotics as well as be prescribed a topical antibiotic cream in addition to being required to wash twice-daily with a special sulfa-based wash. Treatment with lasers or IPL may also be required in addition to the antibiotic regimen.

​Milder acne rosacea can often be controlled with topical creams such as Metrogel (metronidazole) or Finacea (azelaic acid). These are applied once or twice daily after washing. Both of these topical treatments treat the redness and facial bumps present with acne rosacea.

​Certain patients have noticed marked improvements after alternating treatment with these medications, using one in the morning and the other in the evening. Klaron lotion (sodium sulfacetamide) can be used in conjunction with these treatments to help control and reduce inflammation.

​For those whose acne rosacea has progressed to the moderate level, oral antibiotics often become part of their treatment regimen. The most common antibiotics prescribed for acne rosacea include tetracycline; doxycycline in a lower-dose formulation called Oracea and amoxicillin. Of course, taking antibiotics often come with side-effects such as gastrointestinal upsets and trigger yeast infections.

​If the inflammation caused by acne rosacea is severe, a short cycle of a low-dose steroid may be prescribed. The risk with long-term use is that it can actually make acne rosacea symptoms worse.

​A seldom-used treatment is Accutane, more commonly prescribed for severe acne. It is a drug of last-resort for acne rosacea, as its side-effects can be severe, and often of little benefit. The side effects from this drug are very serious, as it is a known teratogen (causes horrific birth defects).

​It can also cause liver-damage, and constant monitoring by a physician when on Accutane is required. As well, Accutane can cause extreme sensitivity to sun exposure, so careful consideration is needed before beginning this course of treatment.

​A newer development in the treatment of acne rosacea is laser and IPL treatments to control redness and diminish the appearance of blood vessels on the skin’s surface. These treatments can often visibly improve the appearance of skin affected by acne rosacea, however they can be uncomfortable, and are seldom covered by insurance. Usually, several treatment sessions are required to see improvement.

​It does go without saying that one of the key elements of treating rosacea is sun protection. Daily use of a high SPF sunscreen is imperative to control rosacea flareups.

Good Personal Skin Care is a Daily Routine

Personal Skin Care

Everyone knows the importance of good personal black skin care; however, not everyone agrees on what that really means. Opinions vary wildly on what constitutes “best practices” when it comes to a skin care routine.

Certain individuals swear that they cannot live without the professional facials and treatments performed by a licensed cosmetician.

Others are much more casual in their approach to skin care, and get by with applying a product now and then as they feel their skin requires it.

In contrast to this casual approach to skin care, there are others that are consumed with purchasing the latest development in skin care creams or lotions “guaranteed” to make their skin look fresher, lovelier, and acne and/or wrinkle-free.

But personal skin care does not have to be overly complicated nor overly expensive to be effective.

skin care

Mainly, good personal skin care consists of finding products that work with, not against, your skin type, and following a daily regimen of application.

Before selecting a skin care line, you should closely examine the characteristics of your skin to determine the best choices for products. Is your skin oily and acne prone? Is is dry and tight? Are you concerned about the fine lines that are showing up with alarming regularity? You need to think about all of these factors before making your trip to the store.

To follow is a skin care routine that will work for individuals with normal skin types.

Cleansing is the first thing on the agenda for normal skin types. Cleansers consist of three main ingredients: oils, waters and surfactants, which act as wetting agents that make cleansers more effective at removing surface impurities. The oil and surfactants in cleansers help extract dirt from the pores and enable them to be easily rinsed away.

You may have to try a few different cleansers to find one that works effectively to remove dirt and make-up without over-drying your skin.

A soap-free cleanser is a must because soap has a tendency to dry out the skin too much, which can lead to a flaking and dull complexion.

Best Natural Skin Care

Always follow a cleanser with plenty of splashes of luke-warm water to remove all traces of cleanser and impurities from the skin’s surface.

Twice-daily cleansing of skin is more than adequate. Too frequent cleansing can lead to dryness and damage.

The next step in a routine for normal skin is exfoliation. Skin renews itself in a cycle where older skin cells are pushed to the surface of the skin and are replaced by new skin cells.

Exfoliation removes old, dead skin cells and hastens the renewal process of the skin. Removing the dead skin cells increases the skin’s receptiveness to the ingredients in skin care products and keeps the complexion from looking grey and tired.

After cleansing the skin, an exfoliant cream or lotion is applied in a circular motion to remove dead skin cells. It is not necessary to exfoliate every day, particularly if you have a tendency towards dry skin.

Once or twice a week to exfoliate is plenty; but oilier skin types can withstand more frequent exfoliation that should not exceed four times per week. You may find that hot and humid conditions make your skin oilier than normal, so more frequent exfoliation than normal may be necessary.

A very important aspect of a personal skin care routine is the use of a good moisturizer. Even those individuals with oily complexions benefit from the daily use of a water-based moisturizer.

Moisturizers seal moisture into the skin cells, and also attract moisture from the environment to keep the skin looking fresh and healthy. But too liberal applications of moisturizers can clog pores and lead to breakouts.

If you are applying so much moisturizer that it cannot be rapidly absorbed by the skin, you need to use much less. Typically, you should be able to judge the effects of any moisturizer after using it exclusively and consistently for a week’s time.

It is always more beneficial to apply moisturizer to skin which is still damp after cleansing to lock more moisture into the skin cells.

An often-overlooked, yet critical aspect of skin care is daily use of a sunscreen to protect the skin from the aging and damaging effects of the UV rays in sunlight.

Many moisturizers come with built-in sunscreens to help you skip applying sunscreen in a separate step. It is important to use a sunscreen on a daily basis, whether or not the sky is sunny, or whether or not it is summer or winter.

Knowing your skin’s characteristics will help you to determine the right products for you. Using these products routinely and consistently can lead to skin with a younger, more even appearance.

If you are finding that no matter what skin care product line you choose that you have persistent acne breakouts, rashes or redness, consult a dermatologist to see if you have an underlying skin disorder that needs to be addressed.

Facial Skin Care

Facial Skin Care

Good facial skin care is a matter of creating a regimen to address your skin care needs and being consistent in using it. Once you get into a routine of facial skin care, you will notice an improvement of the texture and tone of your skin.

​So what does and effective facial skin care program consist of?

​An effective facial skin care routine consists of just four steps:

  • Cleansing of the skin
  • Applying a toner
  • ​Exfoliation to clear dead skin cells
  • Moisturization to keep skin healthy and avoid dryness

Using a cleanser is important because it removes environmental contaminants such as dust and pollutants as well as excess oil and sebum produced by the skin itself that can cause breakouts. A good cleansing lotion or cream avoids the dryness and tightness produced by soaps, and is applied by massaging gently into the skin with upward strokes.

After massaging well, remove the cleanser by using a soft tissue or cotton ball and splashing the face with warm water to remove all impurities.

For optimum results, the skin should be cleansed in this matter twice daily: once in the morning to keep skin feeling healthy and refreshed and again at night to remove make-up and dirt and oil that accumulates on the face over the course of the day. Cleansers that are water soluble are the best choice, as they rinse away easily.

The next step in a total facial skin care routine is toning. There is debate on whether or not this step is actually necessary. Good cleansing practices and rinsing well afterwards can accomplish much of the effects of a toner.

Radiant Skin Care

The idea behind using a toner is to remove all traces of dirt and oil left on the skin that was missed by the cleanser and to give the skin an invigorating feel. Many people choose to forgo daily toning, since toners may have drying ingredients, and instead choose to use it only when they have been exposed to especially dusty, or pollution-filled conditions.

Exfoliation is not usually necessary on a daily basis, as too frequently exfoliating the skin can lead to irritation. Exfoliation is recommended to be performed once or twice weekly. As the skin cells turn over, old dead skin cells are pushed to the surface of the skin which can lead to a drab and dull appearance, as well as can lead to blocked pores.

Exfoliation removes these dead skin cells, and reveals fresher skin cells, leading to a brighter, more even-looking complexion. Avoid exfoliating excessively or using very harsh exfoliants, as this can make the appearance of the skin look worse, as well as damage delicate facial skin.

The last, and perhaps most important step, in a facial skin care regimen is moisturizing. Moisturizers prevent the skin from feeling taut and prevent the flaking associated with dry skin.

The type of moisturizer that is best for your skin type must be considered. Those with acne-prone skin should use a water-based moisturizer to avoid further clogging pores, while more mature skin with a tendency towards dryness may wish to use a heavier cream that holds moisture in the skin better.

Some moisturizers contain acne-fighting ingredients, while others have ingredients like alpha-hydroxy acids to fight the fine lines associated with aging. Particularly with dry skin, moisturizers with a heavier consistency applied at night can be very effective in keeping the skin in optimal condition.

The best way to apply a moisturizer is to apply it on freshly cleansed skin with light upward strokes and massaged in lightly until all traces of the moisturizer disappear.

When considering a facial skin care line, pay close attention to your skin type. A great skin care line for youthful, more oily complexions may be the wrong one for aging skin and vice versa.

​Also remember that price is no indication of the effectiveness of a skin care product. Many drugstore lines have the exact same ingredients as their most costly department store rivals.

​Particularly if you have very sensitive skin, it is advisable to test new skin care lines by performing a patch test to make sure that you have no adverse reaction to any of the ingredients in the product.

​Apply a small amount of the product to the inside of the elbow, or behind the ear and leave it for 24 hours. It there is no reaction, it is safe to use the product.

​Don’t forget, that for all skin types, that daily use of a sunscreen lotion prevents damage and aging caused by exposure to the sun.

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